Bibliography of ritual shoe concealment literature

This page was last edited 7 September 2005

If you think I’ve missed any articles on this topic please let me know.
Green URLS indicate a dead link.

Non-Academic articles:

Academic articles:

  • Atzbach, Rainer. “Medieval and Postmedieval Turnshoes from Kempten (Allgäu), Germany. New aspects of shoemaker technique at about 1500.”  postprinted paper in: Ivan Planka (ed.), Shoes in History 2000. The Collection of Lectures of the 3rd International Conference (Zlin 2001) pp. 184-196 (
  • Cameron, Pitt, Swann and Volken, “Hidden shoes and concealed beliefs.” Archaeological Leather Group Newsletter no. 7 (Feb. 1998)
  • Dean, John. “Ritual protection marks on Norfolk buildings: a recent survey.” A paper compiled for the Vernacular Architecture Group Spring Conference in Norwich, April 1997.
  • Deliberately Concealed Garments Project  2003
  • Dixon-Smith, Denise. “Concealed shoes.” Archaeological Leather Group Newsletter no.6 (Spring 1990)
  • Eastop, Diana. Garments deliberately concealed in buildings. In: Wallis, R and Lymer K. (eds.) 2001. A Permeability of Boundaries? New approaches to the Archaeology of Art, Religion and Folklore. BAR International Series S936. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports, 79-84. Also this published paper was originally delivered at a conference called ‘A Permeability of Boundaries? New approaches to the Archaeology of Art, Religion and Folklore’ at the University of Southampton in 1999. © Copyright 2001 Dinah Eastop 21 July 2003 [Numerous sources
  • Eastop, Dinah. “Secret Agents: Deliberately Concealed Garments as Symbolic Textiles.” Tales in the Textile: The Conservation of Flags and Other Symbolic Textiles: Preprints: North American Textile Conservation Conference 2003, November 6 to 8, 2003. Ed. Charlotte Dew, 2003.
  • Goubitz, Olaf. “Verborgen Schoeisel” in Westerheem VIII, no.5 (1989) pp.233-39.
  • Fisher, Charles L. and Paul R. Huey. “Current Research and Future Directions in Archaeology at the Bureau of Historic Sites.” Journal of Middle Atlantic Archaeology v. 12 (1996) pp. 171-172 [Source Merrifield, 1987]
  • Hoggard, Brian. Folk Magic in Britain 1200-2000 – Archaeology and History. The Glyph  The Archaeological Institute of America, San Diego Society. 1(23), March 2001, 4, 5 and 11.
  • Hoggard, Brian.  Home’s Hidden Charms. SPAB News (The Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings), 22(3), 2001, 18-21.
  • Lloyd, V., Dean, J. and Westwood, J. ‘Burn marks as evidence of apotropaic practices in houses, farm buildings and churches in post-Medieval East Anglia’. In: Wallis, R. and Lymer, K. (eds.) . A Permeability of Boundaries? New Approaches to the Archaeology of Art, Religion and Folklore. BAR International Series S936. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports, 57-70.2001
  • Merrifield, Ralph. The Archaeology of Ritual and Magic Batsford, 1987 [Sole source for shoe finds is Swann, 1969]
  • Merrifield, Ralph.  “Folklore in London Archaeology”, The London Archaeologist 1:5 (Winter, 1969)
  • Northampton Borough Council. “Boot and shoe facts: Why are shoes found hidden in buildings”  7 Dec 2000 [No sources given]
  • Swann, June. “Shoes concealed in buildings.” Northampton Museum Journal. 6 (December 1969) pp.8-21.
  • Swann, June. “Shoes concealed in buildings.” Northampton Museum Journal. Supplement (1988)
  • Swann, June. “Shoes concealed in buildings.” Costume: Journal of the Costume Society no.30 (1996) pp.56-99 [Sources: Nevinson, 1934; Swann, 1969; Merrifield, 1969; Baker, 1977; Lloyd, 1980; Merrifield; 1987; Swann, 1988; Goubitz, 1989; Dixon-Smith, 1990, and mentions Günter Grass, The Tin Drum.] (also found at

Other articles:

  • Baker, Margaret.  The Realms of Gold. (London: Weidenfield & Nicolson, 1975; Penguin, 1977), p.357.
  • Baker, M. Folklore and Customs of Rural England. Newton Abbot: David & Charles.1974.
  • Easton, Timothy. “Scribed and Painted Symbols”  [I have not been able to track down this article]
  • Frazer, J.  “The perils of the soul.”  The Golden Bough, A Study of Magic and Religion. The Macmillan Press:1922.  London, 235-255.
  • Lloyd, Pen. Col The History of the Mysterious Papilon Hall (Leicester, c.1980).
  • Nevinson, J.L. Letter to the Times, 5 February 1934 [“…With reference to the discovery in Sussex, is there any reason or superstition to account for the placing of old worn shoes (usually women’s) in walls or floors?”]
  • Opie, Iona and Moira Tatem, eds, A Dictionary of Superstitions. Oxford: Oxford Paperbacks, 1992
  • Pickering, David.  A Dictionary of Folklore. New York : Facts on File, 1999
  • Pickering, David.  Cassell dictionary of superstitions. London: Cassell, 1995
  • Pickering, David. The Cassell dictionary of folklore. London: Cassell, 1999
  • Ruppel, Timothy, Neuworth, Jessica, Leone, Mark P., Fry, Gladys-Marie. “Hidden from view: African spiritual spaces in North American landscapes.” Antiquity 77:296 (June 2003) pp.321-335.
  • Simpson, Jacqueline and Steve Roud. A Dictionary of English Folklore. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.



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