The First Book Treateth generally of the Rules of Heraldry as to the Honorable Ordinaries how they have been Anciently and Modernly termed, with the several Ways or Methods of Blazon.
Treateth of the Original, and Office of Heraulds, their Colledge, and Fees
Treateth of the Shields and Bucklers, their Various Names, of what was made, and the diverse Forms of them, how used: and what colours have been used of them, their Signification, and worthiness of one above another, and of the points of the Escochion.
Treateth of the Antiquity of Arms, and first Painting of Shields; the Colours used in Arms, and Rules of Blazon in General, and in Particular; with the several ways of Blazoning of Arms.
Of the Honorable Ordinaries, and their Composition according to their several Lines. As of the Chief and its diverse ways of Bearing. On the Pale; and Pile; the Gyron, and Canton; with their several ways of composition.
Treateth of the Bend, Bendlett, and Cost: The Fesse, the Barr, and Barrulett. The Escochion, the Treasure and Orle: With the Flanche, and Flanques, according to their several Compositions.
Treateth of all Sorts of Crosses, that are in Arms and their Names by whome they are born.
Treateth of the Cheveron, the Cheveronell, and the Couple Close: The Salter, and Frett: The Roundlett, with its Terms answerable to the Colour. Of the Loseng, Fusill, and Masele. Of the Gutte, or Drop, and its diverse Blazoning. Of the Bordures, and their several Compositions.
Treateth of Furrs, and Tinctures of Fields, according to several Forms and Shapes: As by Abatements, by Ordinaries, Per Pile, Pale, Fess, Bend, and Per Cheveron. As also Tinctures of Fields by a twofold Ordinary, as Per Pale and Pile; Per Pale and Salter, &c. Also Tinctures of Fields of Obscure Ordinaries, as Barry Bendy, Losengy, &c.
Treateth of the File and Lambeaux: Of the bearing of Ordinaries, one upon another; Between one anotherl By the side one of another; and Commixt. Also of Ordinaries Diminishing one anotherl and Piercing or Fretting one another.
CHAP. IX & X.
Treateth of some Sorts of Bearings, which are Omited in the Former Chapters. To all the foresaid Bearings, are set down the Name or Surnames of such Famileys, as have such Charges in their Coats of Arms.
The Second Book Treateth in General of all Essential and Created Beings, in whome there is either Life, or Motion, as Vegetative, Sensitives, and Rational Creatures.
Treateth of things in Heaven, as GOD the Father, the Son, and Holy Spirit, Cherubims, and Seraphims: The differences of the Heavens. The Description of the Heathen Gods and Goddesses; Demi Gods and Countrey-Gods, and Goddesses. The Holy Order of Angels, the Infernal Order of the Devils, And the Names the Devil is called by.
Of the Heavenly Sphere, with its Circles Names. Of the Planets, and how described; And the Signs of the Zodiak. With the Names of the Northern and Southern Stars. Of the Sun and Moon. Of the Element of Air, and Wind, with the products thereof.
Of the Element of Fire, and its Products. The Reason of the Change of the Moon, and its Eclipse; Of the Aspects, and their Characters: With some Terms used by Astronomers, and Astrologers, concerning the Celestial Sphere.
Treateth of the Element of Water, the Several Sorts, and Terms of Waters. Of the Terrestrial Globe, and Element of Earth, with its Products; Of the Fom Parts of the World, and what Kingdom, Countreys, and Islands, are in each Part.
Of Minerals, Metals, and Moulds. Of Stones, and Precious Gems.
Treateth of Trees of all Sorts, Shrubs, Dead Wood, and Perished Trees: Of Roots, Mushrooms, and several Sorts of Corn, and Grass.
Treateth of all Sorts of Flowers, Leaves, and Herbs; with their Descriptions, and Colours. Of Fruitage, and Flowerage.
Treateth of the Affinity of Leaves; Also of Seeds, Pods, and Fruit. Of Some Trees before omitted in the Third Chapter. With the Terms used by Herbalists, about the Roots, Stocks, Leaves, and Fruit of Trees: With other Terms used by them.
Treateth of the Affinity of Leaves, and Flowers, belonging to Herbs and Plants; With the Name assigned the Leaf according to its shape and form. Also such Terms as are given to Clusters of Flowers, according to the form they grow in. And Names to perticular, or single Flowers, according to their kinds. With Terms used by Florists and Gardeners; and the Instruments they use. Of the signification of Trees, Plants, Fruits, Flowers, and Herbs used in Coats of Arms.
Treateth of the several Kinds of Beasts, and Cattle, the Terms for all their parts, when they are in Compa∣nies, according to their Age: Also Terms for there Engendering, and bringing forth Young. The Voices of Beasts, Lodging and Feeding: With the names of the Male and Female, of Beasts. The several postures of Beasts; how Termed, when standing upright Of Horsemanship, with the Terms used about the Horse, as its Parts, Bones, Diseases.
Treateth of divers and various Beasts, Vermin, Lizards, and Amphibious four-footed Creatures. With the terms used, for the several ways of bending the Legs, and Arms in Heraldry.
Treateth of several other Beasts and Cattle, Foreign and Domestick, the parts of a Bull and Cow; their Diseases, the Benefit and Blessing of Cows, Terms used by Cowherds, and Instruments used by them.
Shepherds Terms about Sheep, their Parts, Diseases, and Observations in them. Swineherds Terms about Swine, their Parts and Diseases. Hunters Terms, sorts of Dogs their parts, and Diseases.
Of Insects, Bees, Worms, Serpents, their Voices; terms about Bees and Honey; sorts of Flies and Butterflies, and of what Worms they proceed. Of the several terms used for the turning of Serpents Tails in Heraldry.
Treateth of Monsterous Creatures, Amphibious Creatures, and Bigenerous Creatures; of the Caterpiller, and several other sorts of Worms, and Insects, not mentioned before. The signification of Beasts in Armory.
Treateth of Fowl, and Birds of Prey, with other Birds of the Woods, and Mountains, as also Domestick. Observations of Birds of Prey. Sorts of Hawks: The names of the Males and Females: and according to their Age: The parts of an Hawk, their Diseases, and the terms used by Falconers: And things used about Hawks. Of Cocking, and the terms used by Cock-masters, of Cockpit-laws.
Treateth of several other sorts of Fowls, Foreign and Domestick: Also of Monstrous Birds.
Treateth of several Foreign Birds, with their Parts, and Members, as born in Arms, not mentioned in the former Chapters. The signification of Birds used in Arms; the parts of all Birds in General, inwards and outwards; with other remarkable things in them, and not in other Creatures. Voices of Birds, how termed in Companies. Of Poultry, and Terms for their Age. With the Explanation of Naturalists terms, in their Description of Birds.
Treateth of Fish of all sorts, their Covering, Form, and Shape; the Parts of a Fish. Of their names according to the Age, and how termed in Companies. As also of all sorts of Shell-fish.
Treateth of other sorts of Fish, and some Shell fish, omitted in the last Chapter Of Monstrous shaped fish.
Treateth of Monsters of the Sea, and Fish of lesser knowledge, because but rarely seen. The signification of Fish used in Arms: The terms used by Historians in the Description of Fish; Explained, as also terms of Blazoning.
Treateth of Mankind, of all the parts, as born in Arms: with the Cyrurgeons, and Anatomists terms used for all the members of the Body, inwards and outward: Of the Senses, and various Voices of Men: And Names given to the Male and Female, according to their Ages. Men and Women Metamorphosed.
Time in all its parts of Time, how severally described, or drawn into Emblems, and Figures; and other things depending upon Time, illustrated. Of Men punished in Hell.
The Emblems of the Faculties of the Mind or Soul; and the Passions, and a Description of them. Of the Diseases of the Body inward, and outward. The terms of the Art of Palmestry, and Names of the Lines in the Hand. And of several Words and terms used by Chyrurgions, and Anatomists, about Man’s Body.
Treateth of several things omitted in the Chapters of this Second Book, which are here added, and are to be transferred to their mentioned Places.
The Third Book Treateth of Vestments for the Ornament of the Body according to Places, and Esteme, with all the I … of the Liberal Siences, or that are used by Mechanick Trades, and who beareth such things in their Coats Armor.
OF the Ornaments for the Head, as Crowns, …rels, Caps of Dignity, Morions, Miters … Turbots, Hats, Hoods and Tanks. O … for the Feet, as Hose, Startops, Garters, Shoos … and Broges, with the terms of all parts of them.
Treateth of Bands, Ruffs, Gorgets, Sleeves, Manches, Gloves, Coats, Dublets, Robes, cloakes, Girles Scarfs. Ornaments for the Hands and Fingers, as Rings, Annulets, Bracelets, Chains of Gold, Jewels, Scepters Monds, Maces, Virges, Swords of State, Crossiers, Rods, Crosses, Crucifixes, and Cruches. Purse of Estate, Purses with the several Names, or terms given to each part of them.
Also all sorts of Coins, or Moneys, used amongst the Ancient Iews, Greeks, and Romans, and what value it beareth with our English Money. Also all our English and Scotch Coins, both of Silver and Gold: With the Names and Descriptions of all the sorts of Coin used in our neighbouring Kingdoms and Countries, Alphabetically set down; whether Brass, Silver, or Gold; and their value with ours.
Treateth of Emperors and Kings; of their Robes and Ensigns of Regality, the Ceremonies of their Coronations, Offices for those Festivals; and Officers and Servants belonging to the King’s Houshold, with their Fees.
A Description of several Ancient Emperors, Kings and Princes; with the 9 Worthies. The Ceremonies at the Creation of a Prince, Arch-duke, Duke, Marquess and Earl: Of the Domestick and State Officers belonging to the Earl of Chester. A Viscount and Baron, and the manner of their Creations.
Several sorts of Barons, Knights: Orders and Statutes for Knights of the Garter, Officers belonging to the Garter. Creation and Habet of a Knight of the Bath. A Knight Banneret and Baronet. A Knight how made, and degrading of Knighthood: A Catalogue of the several Orders of Knights Secular.
The Creation of a King and Herauld of Arms, The Office a Major, with the Officers of a City, or Corporation, and their Habits. The Lord Chief … his Habit. A Serjeant at Law his Habit, and Ceremony at his making. The Officers in the Common Law, and Courts of Chancery: The Chancelors. … of Divinity, Civil Law, and Physick; their …, and Ceremonies at the receiving of their De… The Officers in the Universities, and Degrees … Scholars, with their Habits: And of a Beads man, an Hospitaller, or Alms man.
Of the Esquire, and the several Degrees of Esquires. Of Gentlemen, and the several Degrees of them, and how made so. Of Yeomen, Freeholders, Pages, Servants, and Labourers: With the several sorts of them A Countrey Clown, or Bore described.
The several Countrey Occupations, as the Mower, with what terms is used about Hav making. Thrasher, with several Terms of Husbandry about Tillage, Sowing, and Reaping; Thrashing, Winding of Corn.
Of the Huntsman, Courser, Forester, and Faulconer, with their Terms of Art.
Also the several Occupations in Cities, as Cooks with their Terms in Cookery; and how to send up Dishmeats in their Order, at Grand Feasts. Of the Baker, Tanner, Glower, Currier, with their Terms.
And the Butcher, with his Terms for all the pieces of Meat cut in the Shambles; either from, or in Beef, or Veal, Mutton, Pork, and Brawn.
With the Smith, Farrier, Gun-smith, Lorrinor, Spurrier, Gold-smith, Jeweller, Lapidarie, Pinner, or Pinmaker, Needle-maker, Tyn-man, and Cutler with his several sorts of cutting Weapons. Also Pewterers, Founders, or Brasiers, Plummers, Card-makers, and Saddlers, with the several parts of a Saddle, Bridle, Pillion, and Side-saddle.
Of the Taylor, with the parts of the Doublet, Coat, Breeches, Cloak, Womens Gowns, Mantues, Wastcoats, and Petticoats. The Upholsterers, with their terms for the several parts of a Bed, and Hanging about a Room. Of the Semster, Laundress, Needle-work Mistress, with the severall terms of Needle-work.
The Shoomaker, with the names of St. Hugh’s Bones, and the terms of their Size. And of the Embroiderer, the Joyner, Carpenter, Tallow-chandler, and Waxchandler, Fisher, or Drawer, Angler, Water-leaders, Beer-Brewers, Malt-makers, Fietchers, Bowyers, and Stringers; with the terms used in their several Arts, and Occupations explained.
And the Hutler, or Huxter, Gardiner, Flax-dresser, with the Ordering of Flax, and Hemp: And Weaver, Cooper, Masons, Stone-cutters, and Stone-getters Potters, Rope-makers, Printers, Barbers, and Hat-makers, with the several sorts of Hats; and terms of Art used in their Misteries or Trades.
An Astronomer, and Astrologer, how they Reckon the Sabbath days throughout the year; to know the moveable Feasts in the year, and the time of the English Kings Reign, with a Calendar of all the Saints days, Jewish Months, with Evil and Good days for any Employ in the year. Of Geometry, and the names of severall parcels of Lands: Of Arithmetick, and how the Jews, and Hebrews, Romans, Greeks, and Arabians, used to express numbers; of casting up Sum•• by Counters, with several terms taught in the Art of Numeration; with the Description of several Antient Philosophers.
Of the Painter, Graver, Etcher, Glass-painter, and Glasier; And Men famous for Invention, and improvers of Arts. The Musitianer, with several sorts of Musick, both of Voice, Strings, and Wind; with their Musical terms.
The Crate-carrier, Porter, Tinker, Sowgelder, Bedlam, Chimney-sweeper: with what Instruments and terms they use. Of the Witchman, or Salster, the Sailer, with his Terms of Navigation. The Begger, Cripple, and Vagabonds, with their Canting Terms; the Morrice-dancers, with the several Terms used in modest Dances.
Treateth of Holy, and Religious Persons, and Orders; as of our Saviour Jesus Christ’s Birth, Life, and Passion, Resurrection, and Ascention; the Jews High Priest, with the terms of his Vestments, and manner of Consecration. The Bishop, his Election and Consecration, as in the Romish Church. A Dean, a Mass-priest, Doctor of the Civil Law, with the names of their Ecclesiastical Vestments.
Of the Orders of Monks, Friers, and Jesuits, their Rules, receiving into Monasteries, and Consecrations: Of the Election of Abbots, and their Consecration, the several Officers in a Monastery; the Places in a Monastery, and their Priviledges. The Canons Secular, the degrees of Church Officers, their Vestments, and Consecrations; the Canons Regular, their Vestments, and Orders.
Of the Knights Templars, and Hospitallers, and their Rules: With other Ecclesiastical, or Spiritual Kts of several Orders, and manner of their Installing. Of Hermits and Friers of several Orders; with Pilgrims, or Palmers.
The Description of several Catholick Saints, and of what Countreys, and of what Trades they are Patrons. The Description of the four Evangelists, and twelve Apostles.
Of the Protestant Bishops, their Habit, Election, and Consecration: A Doctor of Divinities Habit, and how made a Doctor: a Minister or Parson, and a Deacon, how Ordained, and their Canonical Habits. A Master of Arts, and his Habit: Of Martyrs. Rhetorick, and Logick described, with some terms of Art used therein.
Also of a Lady Abbess, Nuns, and Religious Women of several Orders, and of their admission into the Nunnery, and Consecration, and Habit. The Description of several Women Saints, and of the seven Cardinal Virtues, and other Virtues. Also the Description of the seven Deadly Sins, with other Wickednesses. The Sibylls described: and Poverty.
Treateth of several sorts of Countrey Men and VVomen, as the Islander, Russian, Muscovian, Tartarian, Polander, Iew, Turk, Roman, Irish, Aegyptian, Chinensian, Arabian, English, French, Spanish, German, Britaine, Indian, Morocco, Brisilian, Virginian, &c. with their Habits, Religion, and Climate of the Countrey; the Description of the nine VVorthy VVomen. Apparel now used by VVomen.
Of a Queen, Lady, Virago, or an Amazon, a VVoman, and Maid, a Shepderdess. The Salutation, with its Honours described. Of VVrestling, and the terms used therein. Labour in Vain, with other Bearings both of Men and VVomen, both in Coats and Cognizances of Persons and Houses.
In the Additional Plate, is described more sorts of Crowns, also of some Hoods, Caps, and other Ornaments for the Head, with Garter, and Boots: which should have been incerted in chap. 1. Also to chap. 2. add some Variety of Sleeves, or Maunches, anciently and now in use.
Of the Description of the Liberal Art or Science of Grammar, with some terms belonging thereunto. Of the Merchant, with several terms about Weights, and Merchandize Goods; the Bricklayers Tools, and the terms used in their Trade.
The Billiard Play, and what terms they used therein; Chess Play, and its terms. Tennis Play, and terms used in that Exercise. The Slater, his Tools, and the terms for Slates. The Carter, and his Gee-wo terms.
The Thrower, or Turner, with their terms. Also certain Heads, and Faces, which should have been in chap 3. Of the Roper, and Upholsterer, their tools or working Instruments, with their several Parts and Members, how termed.
Treateth of all the Instruments of Huswifery, and Spinning of Wool, Flax, or Hemp, and Jarsey; with the Names of all the parts of the said Instruments. Also the Working Tools of a Weaver, Fuller, Sheerman, or Clothworker, Taylor, Harmaker, Shoomaker, Baker, Butcher, Cook, or Victualler, Cooper, Beer-brewer, and Water-carrier; with the parts of a Pump, and the several sorts of them.
Treateth of Smiths Tools, with several Iron-works made by them, their names, and terms for their several Parts, and Members. The Farriers, Spurriers, and Lorrillers Tools, and VVorks made by them: As also the Glasiers, Imbroiderers, Goldsmiths, and the Plummers … to work with. And Instruments of Punishment for offending persons, according to the degree of the crime.
In the Second Plate of this Chapter, is the description of some Tools of Trades omitted in the two former Chapters, viz. of the Butchers, Bakers, White-coopers, Beer-brewers, Smiths, Lock-smiths, Farriers, Spurriers, Lorrillers, Plummers, and Instruments for Punishment. Also some few things belonging to Husandry, omitted in the Subsequent Chapter 8.
Treateth of the Tools, and Instruments of Husbandry, as Plowing Reaping; also such as belong to the Dairy, Stable, Cow-house, and Pasture. The things about Water and Wind Mills. Tools belonging to a Bricklayer, Mason, Pavier, Slater, and Plasterer; of Chariots, Coaches, Sedans, Selas••s, and Horse-litters. Of the Saddle, with the terms belonging to each … of it, the several sorts of Saddles, with the Sadlers tools which he works withall.
In the Second Plate of this Chapter, is the description of some Tools omitted in Chap. 6. belonging to the VVeavers, Clothworkers, and Shoomakers: with a further Procession of Tradesmens Tools, as the Tanners, Fletchers, Curriers, Joyners, Carpenters and their Engines, for drawing of great Peeces; Turners in wood, Brass, Ivory, or with the Engine: the Dry •lover. And Geometrical Instruments, to be added to them in the next Chapter.
Treateth further of Joyners, and Carpenters Tools; and such as belong to the Limner, or Painter; the wet Glover, Stationer, and Book binder: Instruments for the measuring of Lands, with certaine terms given to several Geometrical Lines, and Cubical Bodies.
In the second Plate of this Chapter, is the Tools belonging to a Pewterer, Jeweller, and Lapidary; also the working Instruments of a Comb maker, Card maker, Glasier, Felt-maker, Needle-maker, Inkhorn-maker, and Lanthorn-maker.
In the third Plate of this Chapter, it treateth of the omission of some Tools belonging to Husbandry, and Millery; the Mason, Slater, Bricklaver, Plasterer, & Sadler, in Chapter 8. As also of som Chyrurgions Instruments, and Edifices, omitted in the following, Chapters. 10, 11, 12.
Treateth of the Roman, Saxon, German, High Dutch French, Italian, Spanish, Greek, and Hebrew Letters, with their Accents; with the ancient British Characters.
Of the Romans notes of Antiquity, and Numbers, and how expressed by Letters. Also the Breviation of VVords anciently used in old VVritings, explained.
In the Plate of Letters in this Chapter, placed folio. 416 a. It treateth of the Secretary, or mixt Letters; Chancery, or Sett Hand, and Court Hand writting, with the right Pronouncing of the English, Dutch, and French, &c. Letters. Also the Alphabets, of the Goths, Celts, Normans, Franks, Irish, Manks, Phoenice, Egypt, Turky, Ancient Greeks, Ethiopia, Phrigia, Illyrick, Slavonia, Croatick, Dalmatia, Israel, Samaria, Chaldia, Syriack, India, Sarjinia, Arminia, and Arabia, and how pronounced.
Treateth of the Instruments belonging to a Barber, and a Chyrurgion; with Vessels, and other usefull Instruments for Distillation, or Squeezing out of Oyls, and Liquors.
Is a Continuance of Chyrurgions Instruments: Also Instruments for Leger de main, or Art of Juggleing. And of Dweling places, as Huts, Tents, Tabernacles, Houses, Towers, Cities.
Is a Continuance of several Forms of Towers, Castles, VValls, Arches, Churches, Chappels, Cathedrals; with the Bells, Alters, Fonts, and other Utensils belonging to the Jewish and Christian Churches. VVith all the terms of Art given to all parts of a Pillar, according to the five Orders.
The second Plate of this Chapter, Treateth of some other sorts of Buildings of Towers, VValls, Pillars, and Castles. To which is added several sorts of Knots, and interlacing of Lines, and Fretting of Angles, with other Extravagant Things, found in Coats of Arms: which could not fitly be set under any head, or order; therefore as Heteroclites, are set by themselves.
Thus far have I with much Cost and Pains, caused to be Printed for the publick benefit; what remains (and is ready for the Press) is as followeth in the succeeding Contents: which if encouraged by Liberal and free Contributers, may appear in the World, else will sleep in the Bed of its Conception, and never see the Glorious Light of the Sun.